Ulcerative Colitis: What Is It and Why Does It Happen?
By Gastrointestinal Specialists, PC
March 06, 2020
Category: Gastroenterology
Tags: Ulcerative Colitis  

Ulcerative colitis is a form of Irritable Bowel Disease or IBD. Affecting millions of people in the US, typically in the prime of life, this uncomfortable, debilitating GI condition worsens without treatment. At Gastrointestinal Specialists in Troy, MI, your team of eight gastroenterologists diagnoses and treats ulcerative colitis, allowing people to have active lifestyles and long-term remission of symptoms.

Ulcerative Colitis: What Is It and Why Does It Happen?

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the rectum and large intestine. Less severe than Crohn's Disease, which is another form of IBD, colitis hits the 15-to-35 and 50-to-70 age group, according to the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation.

Colitis symptoms seem to stem from the body's own immune system. Instead of attacking germs, the immune system targets the lower gastrointestinal tract, often leading to:

  • Fatigue
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Profuse and frequent diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Pain and cramping
  • Bowel perforations
  • Infections which do not resolve
  • Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression

Managing Ulcerative Colitis

Your team of eight gastroenterology physicians diagnoses and treat ulcerative colitis in their state-of-the-art Troy, MI, facility. Symptoms help define the diagnosis. Additionally, an in-house colonoscopy visualizes the lining of the rectum and the entire length of the colon, accurately pinpointing the small open wounds characteristic of this difficult condition.

With a diagnosis in place, your GI doctor will customize your treatment plan to manage your symptoms and hopefully put them into remission.

Healthline says that medications must reduce the inflammation in the large intestine. These medications may include:

  • Corticosteroids, such as prednisone
  • Antibiotics
  • Sulfa drugs
  • Biologics which support the immune system
  • Aminosalicylates
  • IV infusion of Remicade (for remission of up to one year)

Additionally, for long-standing ulcerative colitis (more than 30 years), your GI doctor may recommend surgery, including removal of the colon and rectum.

There Is Hope

Your caring team at Gastrointestinal Specialists in Troy, MI, work tirelessly to help patients with a wide variety of gastrointestinal issues, including irritable bowel disease, Crohn's, and ulcerative colitis. Research and careful management produce an increasing number of remissions.

If you're exhibiting bowel symptoms, don't wait for a crisis. Please contact our office for an individualized consultation with one of our board-certified gastroenterologists. We'll answer all your questions carefully and compassionately. Phone the Troy office team at (248) 273-9930.